Herbal medicine among complementary and alternative medicine methods
HERBAL MEDICINE AMONG COMPLEMENTARY AND ALTERNATIVE MEDICINE METHODS
Ruban A. S., Rodionova T.V.
Saratov State Medical University
Foreign languages department
Alternative medicine methods may incorporate or base themselves on traditional medicine, folk knowledge, spiritual beliefs, or newly conceived approaches to healing. The major complementary and alternative medicine systems have many common characteristics, treating the whole person, including a focus on individualizing treatments, promoting self-care and self-healing, and recognizing the spiritual nature of each individual. Complementary and alternative medicine often lacks or has only limited experimental and clinical study. However, scientific investigation of these methods is beginning to address this knowledge gap.
There are some systems of alternative medicine: Traditional Chinese Medicine (based on five elements and acupuncture);Ayurveda (Indian traditional Medicine based on the mind-body-spirit connection); Homeopathy (European traditional Medicine based on the ancient law of similar); Naturopathy (a system that is based on the precepts of a medical regimen of hydrotherapy, exercise, fresh air, sunlight, and herbal remedies). All these systems include special techniques. One of the most wide-spread of them is herbal medicine. Herbal medicine is called botanical medicine or phytomedicine. It refers to using a plant's seeds, berries, roots, leaves, flowers or bark for medicinal purposes. Whole herbs contain many ingredients, and they may work together to produce a beneficial effect. Many factors determine how effective a herb may be. For example, the type of environment (climate, soil quality, microbes) in which a plant is grown, harvested and processed will by all means affect it. Herbal supplements, unlike prescription drugs, can be sold without being tested to prove they are safe and effective. However, herbal supplements must be made according to good manufacturing practices.Herbal medicine is used to treat many conditions, such as asthma, eczema, premenstrual syndrome, rheumatoid arthritis, migraine, menopausal symptoms, chronic fatigue, irritable bowel syndrome, cancer and so on.