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Preventive dental care in children: the main principles

ID: 2018-11-5-T-18730
Тезис
ФГБОУ ВО Саратовский ГМУ им. В.И. Разумовского Минздрава России

Preventive dental care in children: the main principles 

Preventive dental care in children: the main principles 

 Афанасьева М.М., Чижова М.Е. 

ФГБОУ ВО Саратовский ГМУ им. В.И. Разумовского Минздрава России 

Кафедра иностранных языков 

Научный руководитель: ст.преподаватель Чижова М.Е. 

The high incidence of dental diseases in the population such as dental caries, inflammatory periodontal diseases require intense measures to prevent them. The Benjamin Franklin axiom says “an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure”. Therefore the most promising way to solve these problems is to prevent dental disease, the realization of this strategy will reduce their incidence and progressive development, thereby reducing the need for therapeutic treatment. It is of great value when we deal with children. In this regard, the most important measure for preventing dental disease is a rational oral hygiene and dental care. Early prevention of dental diseases in children plays an important role in the preservation of children dental health. The most effective methods of prevention of dental problems are beginning hygiene care and attention to the recommendations of a dentist since the first teeth. The factors contributing to the occurrence of carious lesions of the teeth are various. In modern society, unfavorable trends associated with nutrition are detected, modern people consume a lot of carbohydrates that have a high cariogenic potential, and children and adolescents are no exception.  

It is a significant issue on keeping the teeth healthy. There are some rules: Don’t go to bed without brushing your teeth; Brush properly; Don’t neglect your tongue; Use a fluoride toothpaste; Treat flossing as important as brushing; Don’t let flossing difficulties stop you; Consider mouthwash; Drink more water; Eat crunchy fruits and vegetables; Limit sugary and acidic foods; See your dentist at least twice a year. 

The incidence and intensity of dental diseases among the childhood population remains increasing, therefore, performing educational work at schools and higher institutions about the risk factors and possible ways to eliminate them taking into account age characteristics is important. Teaching children hygiene skills in connection with nutrition is essential in the prevention of dental diseases. 

Keywords: prevention, dental disease, children, hygiene.

Ключевые слова

prevention, dental disease, children, hygiene
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