Гипнотерапия: подсознательный подход к лечению
ГИПНОТЕРАПИЯ: ПОДСОЗНАТЕЛЬНЫЙ ПОДХОД К ЛЕЧЕНИЮ
Научный руководитель: Чижова М.Е.
ГБОУ ВПО Саратовский ГМУ им. В.И. Разумовского Минздрава России
Кафедра иностранных языков
Hypnotherapy In Medicine: Subconscious Approach To Healing
Scientific supervisor: Chizhova M.E.
Данная работа посвящена проблеме гипнотерапии, которая является значительным альтернативным методом лечения. Рассматриваются вопросы развития гипнотерапии, методика проведения, область применения.
Psychological therapy and counselling (or “talking cure”) is the treatment of emotional and psychological disorders, unwanted habits and undesirable feelings, using psychological techniques. There are many forms of psychological therapy but hypnotherapy is distinctive.
The purpose of the survey is to consider hypnotherapy as one of the methods of alternative medicine in treating not only psychological disorders but diseases of vital body organs.
Healing by trance state (or an altered state of awareness) is among the oldest phenomena known to man and is found in virtually every culture throughout the world. The term “hypnosis” was only coined in 1840 by Dr James Braid, a Scottish physician.
Nowadays, the phenomenon of hypnosis is defined as a state of mind, enhanced by mental and physical relaxation, in which subconscious mind is able to communicate with conscious mind. The process of professional training is referred to “Hypnotherapy”. Hypnotherapy is the application of hypnotic techniques to bring therapeutic changes.
A trained therapist guides the patient to remember the event that led to the first reaction, separate the memory from the learned behavior, and replace unhealthy behaviors with new, healthier ones. Like other relaxation techniques, hypnosis lowers blood pressure and heart rate, and changes certain types of brain wave activity. There are several stages of hypnosis: reframing the problem; becoming relaxed, then absorbed (deeply engaged in the words or images presented by a hypnotherapist); dissociating; responding; returning to usual awareness; reflecting on the experience.
Clinical studies have revealed that hypnosis may improve immune function, increase relaxation, decrease stress, and ease pain and feelings of anxiety. Consequently, the list of problems which may be amenable to hypnotherapy includes: panic, phobias, unwanted habits and addictions (e.g. smoking, overeating, alcoholism), high blood pressure, insomnia, asthma, chronic pain, allergies and skin and heart disorders, migraine and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS).
In conclusion it is worth while noting that throughout the world there are a lot of institutes of hypnosis and associations of hypnotherapists that have approved efficacy of hypnotherapy in medical treatment.