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Euthanasia: for and against

ID: 2014-05-2164-T-3975

Научный руководитель: к.псх.н, ст. преподаватель  Веретельникова Ю.Я

ГБOУ ВПO Сapaтoвский ГМУ им. В.И. Paзумoвскoгo Минздpaвa Poссии

Euthanasia.For and against.

Euthanasia refers to the practice of intentionally ending a life in order to relieve pain and suffering.Voluntary euthanasia is legal in some countries and U.S. states.  Non-voluntary euthanasia is illegal in all countries.Jurisdictions where euthanasia or assisted suicide is legal include some European countries and the US states of Washington, Oregon and Montana. The first apparent usage of the term "euthanasia" belongs to the historian Suetonius who described how the Emperor Augustus. The word "euthanasia" was first used in a medical context by Francis Bacon in the 17th century.

Pro-euthanasia arguments:

·         Right to choose;

·         Best interests;

·         Medical resources;

·         Universalisable laws;

·         Regulations;

·         Is death a bad thing?

Anti-euthanasia arguments:

·         Against the will of God;

·         Life is sacred;

·         A slippery slope;

·         Devalues life;

·         Against best interests;

·         Improvement of palliative care;

·         Regulation fears;

·         Doctors and power;

·         Pressure and abuse.

According to the historian N. D. A. Kemp, the origin of the contemporary debate on euthanasia started in 1870. Nevertheless, euthanasia was debated and practiced long before that date. Euthanasia was practised in Ancient Greece and Rome. Euthanasia, in the sense of the deliberate hastening of a person's death, was supported by Socrates, Plato and Seneca the Elder in the ancient world, although Hippocrates appears to have spoken against the practice.

In the United Kingdom, the pro-assisted dying group Dignity in Dying cite conflicting research on attitudes by doctors to assisted dying: with a 2009 Palliative Medicine-published survey showing 64% support (to 34% oppose) for assisted dying in cases where a patient has an incurable and painful disease, while 49% of doctors in a study published in BMC Medical Ethics oppose changing the law on assisted dying to 39% in favour.

The subject of euthanasia causes a storm of disputes in medical community. Each person remains with the opinion in a type of religious and moral views. It is impossible to answer for or against because how many people are so much opinions.

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